Rabies- A Preventable Threat
Rabies- A Preventable Threat
Q1. What is the history related to Rabies?
Ans: Rabies has been known since around 2000 BC. The first written record of Rabies is in the Mesopotamian Codex of Eshnunna (circa 1930 BC).
In Ancient Greece, Rabies was supposed to be caused by Lyssa, the spirit of mad rage.
The term is derived from the Latin Rabies, “madness”. This, in turn, may be related to the Sanskrit rabhas, “to rage”. The Greeks derived the word Lyssa, from lud or “violent”; this root is used in the genus name of the Rabies virus, Lyssavirus.
Q2. What is the theme for World Rabies Day 2020?
The theme for World Rabies Day 2020 is “End Rabies: Collaborate, Vaccinate”– you can help by keeping pets up to date on their Rabies vaccination, and collaborating with doctors, veterinarians, educators, community workers, policy makers, and others in your community to raise awareness around Rabies prevention and control.
Q3. What is the cause of Rabies?
Ans: Rabies is a Viral disease caused by: RNA virusà Lyssavirusà Rhabdovirus
Structure: Bullet Shaped
The Rabies virus is extremely short lived under most environmental conditions. It is easily inactivated by heat and drying but Capable of surviving for a few days in cold temperatures.
Q4. Which animals can be affected by Rabies?
Ans: All warm-blooded animals can be infected with varying susceptibility
High – wolves, coyotes, foxes, dogs
Intermediate – skunks, raccoons, bats
Low – opossums
Recovery is rare and only occurs in bats
Q5. In which body fluids of the affected animal does the virus is shed?
Ans: Virus occurs in saliva, nervous system, urine, lymph & milk.
Q6. What is the course of this viral infection?
Ans: It requires few weeks to several months for infection to become apparent which depends on the site of bite as the transmission of Lyssa virus occurs through bite or scratch from infected animal. Replication of the virus occurs in muscle and connective tissues at site of inoculation. The virus enters peripheral nervous system at neuromuscular junctions and spread up to the central nervous system. This causes Encephalitis. The virus then centrifugally travels towards the salivary glands of the affected animal and grows to high titers in the salivary glands. This virus can then be transmitted through this infected saliva.
Q7: What are the types of Rabies?
Ans: There are two types of Rabies or two types of clinical manifestations of the Rabies as follows:
- Encephalitic or Furious form
- Paralytic or Dumb Form
In Encephalitic or furious form of Rabies, the animal becomes aggressive, does not identify anyone and has uncontrolled urge to bite anyone who comes in contact. The bite is fierce and generally causes more damage. The infected animal may bite or attack without any provocation.
In Paralytic or dumb form the affected animal becomes dull and tries to hide in dark. There is sudden change in behavior and the animal gets frightened or stressed with even minor sounds or movements around. The animal may become unpredictable in behavior and it is also advised to handle such animals with utmost caution.
Q8: What should be done if you are bitten by any animal or a known rabid animal?
Ans: Washing the site of bite with running tap water should be done immediately.
If the wound is bleeding, the bleeding should be stopped by applying pressure with a clean cloth. Apply detergent on the wound and wash. Rush to your doctor immediately for further treatment. Vaccination as advised by your doctor is must. Report such a bite incidence immediately to the local authorities. If the incidence is caused due to unvaccinated pet, report to your local authorities and try and restrain such an animal.
Q9: What should not be done?
Ans: Do not apply limestone, coffee powder, any plant liquid, cow dung on the wound. Do not tie a cloth or bandage above the bite. Consumption of alcohol is strictly prohibited when treatment for Rabies is being taken.
It is always advisable or at best insisted to get your pet vaccinated regularly against Rabies which is the best way to prevent the spread of Rabies, which is one of the most important zoonotic diseases.
Some facts based on survey:
According to one study, only 70% of the people in India have ever heard of Rabies, only 30% know to wash the wounds after animal bites and, of those who get bitten, only 60% receive a modern cell-culture-derived vaccine. About 563 million United States dollars are spent annually in the world on measures to prevent Rabies,1 yet in countries of south-eastern Asia the disease is still an important public health problem. An estimated 45% of all deaths from Rabies occur in that part of the world.2 The situation is especially pronounced in India, which reports about 18 000 to 20 000 cases of Rabies a year and about 36% of the world’s deaths from the disease.
It is of utmost importance for all the pet owners to get their pets vaccinated.
For discount on the next Anti Rabies Vaccination with us chek out our You Tube Video on the same topic.
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