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Should I mate my pet only once Doctor?

In my practice I daily encounter the above question and that encouraged me to write this up. I have been regularly trying to educate my clients about the importance of spaying and neutering their pets. But again and again I am asked why… also clients very emotionally tell me that they do not want to take away their pet’s desire or right to have sex. I would again emphasize that you do not do any bad by spaying or neutering your pet at right age but you help them live longer and healthier.

There are many concerns in mating your pet unprofessionally and non-scientifically. First concern is finding a suitable, second of mate acceptance, third is disposal of puppies, and last but not the least your pet’s health.

We have discussed about this in detail in our You Tube video.

There are three major STDs that affect dogs: one bacterial, one viral, and one transmissible form of cancer. Each is most frequently found among intact strays, feral, or wild dogs.


Brucellosis in dogs

It is the least common of the three major canine diseases in dogs. Brucellosis is the most common STD in the animal kingdom. It is caused by bacteria, Brucella canis. The most at-risk dogs are intact strays dogs. Domestic dogs with regular veterinary checkup are at lesser risk. It is a manageable disease but mostly incurable.


Brucellosis is transmitted between dogs through intercourse and when body fluids of infected dog come in contact with normal dog. Healthy dogs can become hosts for the bacteria through contact with or ingestion of infected urine or through contact with stillborn puppies whose mother was infected with brucella or with placental tissue or afterbirth that accompanies such a failed pregnancy.

In carriers, Brucellosis can be difficult to diagnose. In females, there is vaginal discharge and in the last trimester of pregnancy, there is abortion. The litter born is usually still born or unhealthy. Symptoms are more pronounced for intact males, the testicles swell untimely and suddenly become noticeably shriveled. The bacteria can be confirmed only through blood test.

Brucellosis is only zoonotic disease from STDs in dogs. The chances of transfer from dogs to humans are rare. Brucellosis in humans usually happens from exposure to unpasteurized dairy or when contact with infected body fluids. It can happen, in rare instances with people with regular contact with pregnant dogs, specifically vets, veterinary assistants, or dog breeders who handle or come into physical contact with infected bodily fluids or tissues after pregnant dogs give birth.


Canine Herpesvirus


It is one of the most commonly found and widespread canine STD. It is estimated that up to 70 per cent of all dogs may carry the virus, majority of which have it in a latent or dormant form. As with Brucellosis, symptomatic dogs are intact, but mostly wild or feral. It is also known as “fading puppy syndrome,” and its effects are pronounced and fatal in puppies up to four weeks of age. These puppies contract the viral infection in the womb or shortly after birth. Newborn puppies who are infected will be weak, lack interest in food, have discolored faces, but usually they pass away before positive action can be taken.


There are no clear signs shown by the adult dogs for the disease and hence difficult to diagnose. CHV will not manifest as the lesions or sores as seen in human herpes virus. The symptoms are shortness of breath, yellowish-greenish poop, a tender tummy, and a potential bloody discharge from the nose. If pregnant female becomes infected, her litter is at great risk. The virus resides in the respiratory and reproductive systems, so it can be transmitted either through contact with bodily fluids or through the air. Licking, sniffing, and sexual intercourse are the primary methods of transmission. Infected dogs can pass it to others in crowded spaces if they also have kennel cough.

Canine herpes that affects dogs is species specific, and cannot be passed to humans. There is neither a vaccine nor a cure for the herpes virus in dogs.


Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumors

CTVT is an infectious form of cancer. The mature growths which are ulcers or open sores shaped like cauliflower & pinkish or reddish in color themselves are infectious agents. CTVT spreads from dog to dog through licking, direct contact with body fluids from open sores, or during intercourse. CTVT is also very common in dogs, even if the maximally affected population is intact strays. In domestic dogs, in case of accidental mating with stray dogs there can be transmission of the infection and if it is diagnosed early and treated, the recovery can be very good. Proper diagnosis requires a biopsy, and treatment may involve surgical removal followed by good nutrition and immunity boosters. CTVT is progressive and must be dealt with on a case by case basis as far as treatment is concerned.

The lesions can appear on both male and female genitalia and are equally infectious. Only once the cancer is advanced internally will it begin to show up on the exterior of an infected dog’s body. The longer a dog goes undiagnosed and untreated for this form of cancer, the more dire its prospects.


So why should you neuter of spay your pet?


In males & females less marking or territory

In males less running away for mating

In males less aggression and more docile

In females no heat periods

No issues of stray dogs casing your female while on a walk

No mood swings in females creating big behavior issues.


Other than this,

Your female pet will live a longer, healthier life. Spaying helps prevent uterine infections and breast tumors, which are malignant or cancerous in about 50 percent of dogs and 90 percent of cats.


Keep Loving… Keep Living… Keep Petting…



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